Downloads:

Packaging:
50 lb. (22.7 kg.) bag

Sika® Level-315
Very rapid hardening and durable, cementitious, self-leveling underlayment for use at 1/25 to 2 inches (1 to 50 mm) thickness

Description

Sika® Level-315 is a one-component, fast track and versatile cementitious underlayment for interior concrete, cementitious, wood and tiled substrates. It can be applied manually or by pump to produce a self-smoothing, very rapid-setting, flat and economical substrate prior to the application of a final floor finish. Typical application thickness is 1/25 to 2 inches* (1 to 50 mm).
*In localized areas

Where to Use

Interior floor leveling and smoothing applications where floor coverings are to follow, such as:
Institutional - schools, colleges, hospitals, clinics, libraries, galleries, museums
Commercial - offices, corridors, hallways, canteens, cafeterias, stores, hotels, restaurants
Residential - domestic properties, condominiums and high rise construction

Advantages

  • Easy and quick to install
  • Zero VOC content and low odor
  • Highly fluid and self-leveling
  • Manual or pumpable application
  • Feather-edging acceptable in pedestrian areas
  • Levels new and renovates old floors
  • Very rapid drying, can be walked on in as little as 2 hours at 73°F (23°C)
  • Ceramic tiles and natural stone can be installed after 1-2 hours.
  • Floor coverings (carpet, vinyl, PVC, rubber, engineered wood flooring) can be installed after 24 hours
  • Excellent underlay for tiles, sheet products and wood floor bonding systems

Coverage

Approximately 0.46 cu.ft. per 50 lb. bag
Approximate coverage at typical thicknesses per 50 lb. bag

1/25 in (1 mm) 140 ft²
1/8 in (3 mm) 41.25ft²
3/16 in (5 mm) 27.5 ft²
5/8 in (16 mm) 8.7 ft²
1 in 5.6ft²
(Coverage figures do not include allowance for surface profile and porosity or material waste)

Cure Mechanism

Polymer modified rapid hardening cement.

How to Use

Surface Preparation

All concrete and cement substrates must be primed using Sika® Level-01 Primer and all difficult-to-bond-to substrates, including wood subfloors, ceramic, quarry and vinyl tiles and cut back adhesive must be primed using Sika® Level-02 Primer in accordance with the product data sheet. The substrate must be dry, clean and stable before priming and applying the underlayment materials. Remove all existing treatments such as coatings, sealers, wax, latex compounds, impregnations and curing agents, together with all contaminants i.e. dirt, dust, laitance, grease, oils, and foreign matter, which will interfere with the penetration of Sika® Level-01 Primer and the adhesion of Sika® Level-315.

Concrete & Dense Substrates
Prepare concrete, cement and dense substrates,, including ceramic, quarry and vinyl tiles by mechanical means, such as shotblasting, sandblasting, water-jetting, scarifying, or other appropriate methods, to achieve an open-textured, fine-gripping surface (ICRI - CSP 3 minimum). Weak concrete should be removed and surface defects such as blowholes and spalls fully exposed and repaired Sika® Level SkimCoat or SikaQuick® mortar prior to priming and levelling. All cracks and holes should be similarly filled to prevent seepage of the primer through to lower areas. Consult Sika Technical Sales for recommendations. All loose friable material, includ-ing preparation residue, must be completely removed using a vacuum before application of the Sika® Level-01 Primer. The compressive strength of the concrete substrate should be at least 20 MPa (>2900 psi) at 28 days with a minimum tensile strength of 1.0 MPa (>145 psi) at the time Sika® Level-01 Primer is applied. Moisture vapor emission rates of the substrate should comply and meet the requirements of the proposed floor covering. Please consult the manufacturer of the final floor finish for advice.

Careful consideration should be given to the selection of the method of mechanical surface preparation and the timing of application of primer and underlayment. Immediately following mechanical preparation on some excessively porous substrates, outgassing will increase for a short period of time (approx. 48 hours) until equilibrium in slab vapor pressure and the ambient environment is reached. Before overall installation begins, Sika recommends the application of several small test patches to determine primer application requirements and acceptability of final product performance. In general, a one-coat application of Sika® Level-01 Primer should be sufficient; however, allowance should be made for double priming on excessively porous or profiled substrates. Where multiple coats are required, do not apply excessive material.

Wooden/Plywood Subfloors
Where installing Sika® Level-315 underlayment over wooden subfloors, ensure that the subfloor consists of at least two layers of exterior grade plywood, a minimum of 1 ¼ inch (32mm) in thickness and meets, as a minimum, the deflection parameters of L/360 (live and dead loads taken into consideration). The wood/plywood must then be suitably secured, bonded and prepared to a contaminant free and sound condition. Consult the
manufacturer of the final floor covering with regard to the deflection requirements of the floor finish system.

Mixing

Pour 9.0 - 9.5 pints of cool, potable water into a suitably sized and clean mixing container, using a calibrated measuring jug, or similar, to ensure strict control of the water content (avoid over-watering). Cool water 70°F serves to maximize the working time; if available water is not at this temperature, then consideration should be given to cooling the water. Add Sika® Level-315 to the water, while slowly stirring, adding the complete contents of the 50 lb. sack. Once all the powder has been added, continue mixing until a lump-free and uniform consistency is achieved.

If mixing in a barrel or similar container, employ the water to powder ratio as stated above and use a low speed electric mixer (300 to 450 rpm) and egg beater style mixing paddle to blend water and powder for a minimum of 3 minutes, until a uniform mix has been produced. Do not overmix or allow the paddle to rise above the level of material as this will introduce and entrap air into the mix, potentially shortening the working life or causing pin-holing in the underlayment. Let the mixed material stand until the majority of air bubbles have dispersed.

When pump-mixing, ensure that the mechanical mixers and pumps are in sound working order. Pre-clean and test the equipment, checking that the mixing and pumping elements are fully functional and that meshes are in place to prevent foreign matter from entering the hopper or being dispensed onto the floor.

Application

Prior to placing the underlayment, ensure that all sources of premature drying or direct sunlight are blocked off to avoid accelerated curing and reduced physical properties. The stated ambient and substrate application temperatures are to be achieved before installation and should be aintained for a period of at least 3 days thereafter. Should colder conditions prevail, make allowances for the use of indirect and vented heaters to achieve and maintain the application temperatures required. Where temperatures exceed 86°F (30°C), refer to and follow ACI hot weather application and protection guidelines. Before laying the material, organize labor to operate most effectively, ensuring that installers can maintain a continuous flow of material and avoid creating cold joints. The dimensions of the pour, in terms of width, should also be set accordingly. Sika® Level-315 must not be applied in such a way that expansion and control joints in the substrate re bridged; such joints must be detailed through the underlayment. Provide for expansion and control joints where specified, including at the perimeter of rooms, columns, and pedestals. Should such joints not exist in the substrate, they should still be provided for in the underlayment. Joints, of at least 1/4 in (6 mm.) can be formed using foam tape at the time of laying or can be cut into Sika® Level-125 within 24 hours of application. Pour or pump the mixed material onto the primed surface quickly and without delay, in a ribbon pattern, ensuring that a wet edge is maintained; spread by trowel or pin screed/gauge rake to the required thickness achiev-ing the necessary coverage over high points. Nominal maximum thickness is 1" per lift. Localized areas with depths up to 2" per lift are possible. For large scale areas that require deeper applications, the following recommendations can be used to minimize material cost:

1. The material can be extended by adding up to 30% of 20/30 grade sand during mixing to achieve up to 2.5" in one lift. A reduction in flow, approximately 15%, can be expected. The final layer should be neat to allow for a smooth finished floor. When adding aggregate, expect coverage to increase by approximately .16 cu.ft. per 25 lbs of aggregate.

2. Pre-washed 3/8" pea-gravel can be pre-placed into the area being leveled allowing for up to 2.5" in one lift. Applicator must be aware that the aggregate can cause voids in the underlayment if not filled correctly. When adding aggregate, expect coverage to increase by approximately .16 cu.ft. per 25 lbs of aggregate. Multiple lifts can also be applied to achieve greater depths, making sure to prime with Sika® Level 01 Primer in between lifts. If necessary, further detailed recommendations can be obtained by calling Sika Corporation™s Technical Service Department. Over large areas, application by conventional piston, rotor-stator or underlayment type pumps is more appropriate. Thoroughly spike roll in two directions (90°) to remove installation marks and any entrapped air, but avoid overworking.

Over Painting

Waiting Time / Overcoating Suitable for overcoating with impermeable moisture sensitive floors after drying (max. 3% humidity); normally reached after 24 hours. Suitable for overcoating with tiles or other moisture insensitive floor covering after 1-2 hours. Suitable for wood floor bonding at 1/8 inch (3 mm) thickness after 24 hours. Times are approximate and at 73°F(+23°C) and 50% R.H. and thus will be affected by changing substrate and ambient conditions, particularly the temperature and relative humidity. When overcoating Sika® Level-315 always ensure the moisture content has achieved the required value for the coating product, as the waiting time will vary with the application thickness and ambient humidity. (Refer to the top coat product data sheet). Typical Moisture content of the product should be <4% prior to overcoating. Other test recommended by floor covering manufacturer should be used as the final decision making tool.

Limitations

  • For interior use only. Not suitable for slopes or inclines >0.5%
  • Do not apply Sika® Level-315 onto based, chipboard, particle board, hardboard, metal, gypsum-based floors or dimensionally unstable substrates.
  • Engineer-approved wooden (plywood) subfloors must be at least 1.25 in. (3.2 cm) in thickness and must be properly secured, bonded, and prepared and free of contaminants and loose friable material.
  • Always prime concrete and cement substrates with Sika® Level Primer-01 primer
  • Protect Sika® Level-315 from excessive heat and moving air by turning off radiant heating and forced air ventilation for 24 hours before installation and while the underlayment is curing.
  • Do not exceed the recommended water dosage and use clean potable water.
  • Temperature variations will affect working time, with low temperatures extending drying times.
  • Protect newly applied Sika® Level-315 from condensation and water for at least 24 hours .
  • Prevent contaminants, dust and dirt from coming into contact with the underlayment for at least 4 hours and do not expose to rolling dynamic loads for 2 days (at 73°F, 50% R. H.) .
  • When overcoating with Sika Primer MB, mechanical preparation may be required to remove all surface laitance and material which could interfere with adhesion.
  • If subsequent layers of Sika® Level-315 are installed on existing, cured Sika® Level-315, mechanical preparation and re-priming is required.
  • As the thickness of the underlayment will influence the time at which it can be overcoated or overlayed with stones, tiles, or coverings, the manufacturer of such materials must be consulted for guidance regarding substrate moisture content and other characteristics.
  • Sika® Level-315 does not provide an aesthetic finish and is intended to receive a final floor covering.
  • For adhesives other than SikaBond ® , we recommend a test application prior to use.